JYP CARC - Events


Launch of the J Y Pillay Comparative Asia Research Centre

The JYP CARC, named in honour of renowned policy maker and corporate leader, Professor J Y Pillay, was officially launched on 17 January 2012, together with new initiatives at Yale-NUS College.

NUS President Professor Tan Chorh Chuan said “NUS is very grateful for the generous donations that have enabled the University to honour Professor J Y Pillay, a remarkable Singapore pioneer who will serve as a role model for our students now and those to come. Our goal is for the high-impact programmes established through these gifts to serve the needs of Singapore, as well as the Asian and global communities.”

Date: 17 January 2012

Media Reports

2013 Conference

40 per cent of the World: Population Change, Human Capital and Development in China, India and Indonesia

Date: 22-24 May 2013
Venue: NUS University Hall

Main Features

Papers presented at the conference took stock of the results from the recent 2010/2011 round of population and housing censuses, and other relevant data sets, in order to highlight the main features of demographic change within each of the largest countries of Asia – China, India and Indonesia.  They compared the latest census results with data from the previous censuses, and considered ways in which demographic change (related to migration and urbanization processes, education, as well as sizeable variations in population structures and growth rates linked to fertility decline and increasing life expectancy) has reshaped the previous regional and social balance over the last 30 years, and analyze key policy issues related to the changing demographic structure. Papers also critically assessed past estimates of levels and trends in basic demographic parameters to understand the implications of recent reassessments for projections for these countries; some went on to delineate future trends based on demographic forecasting.

Papers from the conference will be published in an edited volume (forthcoming).


Conference Materials

Download the Conference Programme here
Download the Abstracts from the Conference here

Participants at the JYP CARC Conference, May 2013.

GAI Signature Conference 2012 – Session on Comparative Asian Studies

Seeking balanced growth in Asia's giants - Human Dimensions

Date: 28 June 2012
Venue: NUS University Town

Presentation Slides

Seminar by Dr Samir KC

Multi-Dimensional Population Projection: Adding New Dimensions to Age and Sex 

Jointly organised by the JYP CARC and the Department of Sociology, NUS

Chair: Prof Gavin Jones, J Y Pillay Comparative Asia Research Centre, NUS
Venue: Sociology Seminar Room, Block AS1 #02-12, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, NUS
Date: Thursday, 25 September 2014, 3 to 4:30 PM



How long will I live? How many children will I have? Where will I be living after 20 years? These questions are related to the three core demographic components of population change. Future population size and structure are projected based on assumptions regarding the scenario specific trajectories of fertility, mortality, and migration. Traditionally, the rates of fertility, mortality, and migration are specific to place of residence, age, and sex. And the population structure is presented by age and sex.

Recently, it has been shown that educational attainment is an important additional dimension (representing human capital as well as socioeconomic status) that should be considered while projecting the population. In other words, the answers to the first three questions depend on your level of education. The current distribution and the future development in educational attainment will have a significant effect on the overall rates of demographic components. Adding this additional dimension does increase the level of complexity, exponentially, both in terms of data as well as method.

Very recently, we (more than 25 researchers) have conducted a global level population projection by age, sex, and educational attainment for most countries of the World. The theories, data, methods, and results were published (early September 2014) by Oxford University Press titled “World Population and Human Capital in the Twenty-First Century”. In this talk, I will present the book highlighting the theories and method of assumptions making and share some results for the World and the Asia region.


Samir KC is Leader of the project 'Modelling Human Capital Formation' at the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. KC's master's degree in statistics is from Tribhuvan University, Nepal (1997). Subsequently, he taught university statistics in Kathmandu and worked as a biostatistician at the Nepal Health Research Council. KC received his PhD from the University of Groningen, the Netherlands (2009) and has worked as a Research Scholar at the World Population Program at IIASA since 2005. His major research interests are: developing and applying multi-state population models in demographic analysis and projections with a particular focus on modeling human capital formation in education and health; and differential vulnerability to natural disasters. KC has published in Science magazine (2011) and other peer-reviewed journals.

Seminar by Professor Paul Yip

Hong Kong's Demographic Transition:  Challenges and Opportunities 

Jointly organised by the JYP CARC and the Asia Research Institute, NUS

Chair: Prof Gavin Jones, J Y Pillay Comparative Asia Research Centre, NUS
Venue: ARI Seminar Room, Tower Block, Level 10, 469A Bukit Timah Road, NUS Bukit Timah Campus
Date: Friday, 1 August, 2014, 4 to 5:30 PM



Hong Kong has one of the world’s lowest fertility rates (1.2 children per woman) and highest life expectancies, 81 and 86 for men and women, respectively. In 2011, the city’s median age was 41.8 years, 9th highest in the world. Hong Kong is ageing and ageing fast. It is essential to have a holistic and integrated population policy to respond to the challenges.  The population policy should not simply be a policy for economic growth; it should focus on enhancing well being of the population. Prof Yip will discuss the issues of removing barriers to fertility, attracting quality migrants and increasing labour productivity to ensure population and economic growth is consistent with sustainability of the environment.


Paul Yip Siu-Fai is a Professor of the Department of Social Work and Social Administration and the Director of the Centre of Suicide Research and Prevention at The University of Hong Kong. He is also a member of the Steering Committee on Population Policy and an associate member of the Central Policy Unit of the Hong Kong SAR Government.

Among his many achievements, Prof Yip received the Stengel Research award in 2012 and the outstanding supervisor and researcher awards from the University of Hong Kong in 2011 and 2009 respectively. He has published extensively on population health and related areas.

Seminar by Dr Adrian C Hayes

Population Dynamics and Climate Change in Asia:  The Demography of Carbon Emissions

Jointly organised by the JYP CARC and the Asia Research Institute, NUS

Chair: Prof Gavin Jones, J Y Pillay Comparative Asia Research Centre, NUS
Venue: ARI Seminar Room, Level 10, Tower Block, 469A Bukit Timah Road, Bukit Timah Campus, National University of Singapore
Date: Monday, 21 April, 2014, 11 AM to 12:30 PM



Many perspectives, both scientific and popular, on the causes of anthropogenic climate change take a simplistic view of the role of population, either reducing it simply to a question of size and growth or ignoring it altogether. This presentation explores how changing population composition is contributing to greenhouse gas emissions, and how such insights can contribute to mitigation policies. The data used focus mainly on China, India and Indonesia. The discussion considers (among other things) urbanization in Asia, changing age structure, and the rise of the consuming classes, each in relation to climate change. It also suggests that a population perspective helps integrate the many human dimensions of climate change – economic, political, social and cultural, as well as demographic – into a common framework which can be used to guide policy formulation. Finally, we comment on the new generation of climate scenarios and how it promises to facilitate more productive involvement in the future of social scientists in climate research.


Adrian Hayes is a sociologist and demographer who has combined an active academic career with work as a development practitioner and consultant in Indonesia, China, Nepal, Cambodia and a number of other countries.  Dr Hayes’ current research interests are in population, development, and climate change, focusing on links among population policy, governance, health and the environment, including the role of family planning.   
He has a long-standing interest in population and development policy in Indonesia, beginning with his time as a UN Advisor in the State Ministry of Population and Environment, 1988-90. During 1994-2000 he served as Coordinator for 10 population-related policy research studies conducted in Eastern Indonesia jointly by the ANU and LIPI (Indonesian Institute of Science), with funding from AusAID and the Government of Indonesia.

Seminar by Dr Michael S Teitelbaum

Political Demography: The Turbulent Intersection between Demographic Forces and Political Pressures

Chair: Prof Gavin Jones, J Y Pillay Comparative Asia Research Centre, NUS
Venue: National University of Singapore, Bukit Timah Campus, ARI Seminar Room, Tower Block Level 10, 469A Bukit Timah Road
Date: 10 October, 2013



The past century, and especially the past few decades, has been a period of demographic change that can be described without any exaggeration as dramatic, even tumultuous -- at least when compared to the stately pace of most demographic change. Of the three key drivers of demographic change – mortality, fertility, and migration – all have been actively in play and often quite volatile. All three carry with them large political implications, both international and domestic, and all are in turn affected in substantial ways by political actions taken by governments. While no one can predict the future, the stage seems set for more and perhaps even more powerful demographic turbulence over the coming decades.

It is surprising that the connections between demographic and political change have received only sparse attention from the two academic disciplines – demography and political science -- that arguably have the most to contribute to their understanding. “Political demography” – described by Weiner over 40 years ago as the “study of the size, composition, and distribution of population in relation to both government and politics” – warrants more serious attention by both political scientists and demographers, and better understanding by political leaders and publics. The political implications of the likely rapid and volatile demographic trends of the future deserve more serious scholarly attention among political scientists, while the under-attended political drivers and effects of demographic change deserve more thoughtful scrutiny by demographers. Looking forward, even if through a foggy crystal ball, there is reason for hope that such research will provide valuable contributions to understanding of these potent processes over the coming decades.


Dr Michael S. Teitelbaum is Wertheim Fellow at Harvard Law School and Senior Advisor to the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation in New York City. From 1983 to 2010, Dr Teitelbaum served as a Program Director and later as Vice President at the Sloan Foundation. Previously he was a faculty member at Princeton and Oxford Universities, and served as Vice Chair and Acting Chair of the U.S. Commission on International Migration. He was educated at Reed College and at Oxford University, where he was a Rhodes Scholar. Dr Teitelbaum is a demographer, with research interests that include the intersections of demography and politics; causes and consequences of very low fertility rates; the processes and implications of international migration; and patterns and trends in science and engineering labor markets in the U.S. and elsewhere. He is author, co-author or editor of numerous books and a large number of articles on these subjects. His books include, The Global Spread of Fertility Decline: Population, Fear, and Uncertainty, with Jay Winter (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013), Political Demography, Demographic Engineering, with Myron Weiner (New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2001), A Question of Numbers: High Migration, Low Fertility, and the Politics of National Identity, with Jay Winter (New York: Hill & Wang, 1998), International Migration and International Trade, with Sharon Stanton Russell (Washington: The World Bank, 1992), The Fear of Population Decline, with J.M. Winter (Academic Press, New York and London, 1985), The British Fertility Decline: Demographic Transition in the Crucible of the Industrial Revolution (Princeton University Press, 1984).

Seminar by Dr Daniel Suryadarma

The Consequences of Child Market Work on the Growth of Human Capital

Date: 11 July, 2012

Seminar by Dr Christophe Guilmoto

The Anthropology and Demography of Gender Bias in Vietnam

Date: 25 June, 2012

Inaugural Workshop

Human Capital Development in China, India and Indonesia: Demographic Bonus, Labour Markets, Educational Opportunity and Equity, and Ageing Issues

Date: 5-6 July 2012
Venue: NUS University Town

The workshop brought together researchers and policymakers from China, India and Indonesia, and researchers from Singapore and elsewhere who work on these issues to discuss findings from past research, emerging issues requiring attention, and promising research approaches.

The workshop program is available here: